October 21, 2017
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Myanmar makes efforts in developing maritime education

  • Written by Feng Yingqiu / Xinhua
  • Category: Education

Myanmar has been making efforts in developing maritime education sector in a bid to contribute towards modernization and development of the state.

The country established its first Maritime University in 2002, aimed at nurturing ethical, skillful and reputable maritime experts in compliance with the provisions and standards prescribed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

Recently, the World Maritime University vowed to help Myanmar in learning management and cooperate in e-education under a memorandum of understanding initiated with Myanmar's Maritime University.

"Learning management and e-learning system will contribute much not only to the students but also to the faculty members of the university," said Minister of Transport U Nyan Tun Aung.

Placing emphasis on development of maritime sector, Myanmar has been training out qualified maritime engineers and seafarers to work in overseas shipping lines.

Out of over 60,000 registered seafarers in Myanmar, over 12,000 work in the overseas shipping lines especially the South Koren's.

To develop the maritime labor market and provide more job opportunities to people seeking such employment, the government has formed the Administration Committee for Getting Job Opportunities for Seafarers, introducing a new system of seeking such jobs directly with the government's Department of Water Transport instead of going through private-run seafarers job seeking agencies which require applicants' presentation of appointment letter from foreign shipping lines concerned.

However, candidates are to undergo some designated training courses in line with the IMO to be qualified for a seafarer identity card and a seafarer passport, and passing a basic English skill test before the move is also required.

Some applicants applied for working at deck, engine room and kitchen.

There are only 70,000 seafarers in Myanmar and the number stands less than invitation for the jobs.

Meanwhile, the Myanmar Overseas Seafarers Association (MOSA) is introducing international-level advanced diploma course for more seamen in the country to pursue in order to enable them to be qualified in seeking job in foreign shipping lines.

Derived from the courses of IMO and England's Institute of Chartered, the advanced diploma for shipping business and maritime management includes such eight major subjects as shipping business, logistics and supply chain management, transport economics, ship operations and management, ship broking and chartering practice, port economics, financial engineering principles and business intelligence and maritime law in Shipping Business.

MOSA was formed to deal with IMO and other international seamen union on behalf of Myanmar overseas seafarers and the association also help seek jobs for them, draw welfare schemes and conduct training.

There are over 12,000 Myanmar seafareres working in overseas shipping lines including South Korean's.

Moreover, Myanmar also laid down a plan to nurture female maritime experts, allowing female students to be enrolled for joining the country's Maritime University.

Myanmar sets major subjects of nautical science and marine engineering for learning and other subjects such as vessel building, port building and maritime electricity and electronics are also prescribed for pursuit.

To promote the related science and technology and business development in the region, Myanmar hosted for the first time in 2006 the 12th Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology (PACON) to exploit human resources, education resources and economic resources in the region.

World maritime university to help Myanmar in learning management

  • Written by Xinhua
  • Category: Education

The World Maritime University will help Myanmar in learning management and cooperate in e-education under a memorandum of understanding initiated with Myanmar's Maritime University, official media reported Monday.

"Learning management and e-learning system will contribute much not only to the students but also to the faculty members of the university," Minister of Transport U Nyan Tun Aung was quoted as saying.

Myanmar established its first maritime university in 2002, aimed at contributing towards modernization and development of the state by maritime industry and nurturing ethical, skillful and reputable maritime experts in accordance with the provisions and standards prescribed by the International Maritime Organization.

Moreover, Myanmar also laid down a plan to nurture female maritime experts, allowing female students to be enrolled for joining the country's Maritime University.

Myanmar sets major subjects of nautical science and marine engineering for learning and other subjects such as vessel building, port building and maritime electricity and electronics are also prescribed for pursuit.

To promote related science and technology and business development in the region, Myanmar hosted for the first time in 2006 the 12th Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology ( PACON) to exploit human resources, education resources and economic resources in the region.

Myanmar endeavoring to promote literacy

  • Written by Xinhua
  • Category: Education

Myanmar has been endeavoring to promote literacy in the country as part of its bid to raise the nation's education standard in line with the international level.

Adult literacy rate in the country went up in 2013, hitting as high as 95.13 percent.

It was attributed to the opening of more than 43,100 basic education schools across the country in 2013-14 academic year for creation of more learning opportunities for the students.

Education Minister Mya Aye called for establishment of constant learning  Myanmar society through basic literacy activities of the entire people so as to build a democratic nation.

Other education officials also emphasized at Sunday's literacy- related function the need for all the people to be educated to catch up with the advancement of technology in the education era.

It was pointed out that the fundamental need for human resources development in the entire nation is especially the younger generation who are to assume the responsibility of future nation.

Application of  modern science and technology in various fields and nurturing of highly competent intellectuals with high technical know-how stands the top priority for effective facilitation of the national development.

Illiteracy eradication movement was first launched in Myanmar 1964 to accelerate the then momentum of literacy programs.

Since the implementation of enrollment of all school-age children, the rate of enrollment of children under five has been increasing year after year.

Myanmar has started drafting of Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR), putting cohesive efforts into weak spots in cooperation with the UN agencies, international organizations and educational donors.

In 2012, a conference on Development Policy Options with Special Reference to Education and Health in cooperation with UN agencies was organized in Nay Phi Taw.

To promote literacy, Myanmar marked the International Literacy Day yearly under the aegis of the Ministry of Education and the UNESCO ( the  United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ) since 1966.

The 10 years' period from 2003 to 2012 was unanimously designated as United Nations Literacy Decade under the convention of the United Nations General Assembly 2012 with the aim of guaranteeing primary education to everyone and supporting literacy programs for the adult.

As an encouragement to the development of the literary world, a number of private foundations were set up.

The foundations presented literary awards which cover over a dozen categories including life-time literary awards, Myanmar book awards,  manuscript awards,  English book award and English manuscript award. The awards deal with various genres such as economy, health, environmental conservation and culture.

In addition to the private awards, the government also offers 15 national-level literary awards (NLA) and 13 Sarpay Beikman ( Literature House) manuscript  (SBM) awards every year.

Official statistics show that the number of state-operated basic education schools in the country has increased to 41,000 where a total of over 8.1 million students are pursuing education under the guidance of over 270,000 teachers.

In the higher education sector, there has been 161 universities and colleges.

Meanwhile, the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) pledged to support Myanmar in development of human resources and flourishing of democracy in the country.

Myanmar scored Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Award presented by UNESCO in 1971 and Noma Prize in 1983.

Informal education for only 1/4th townships in Myanmar

  • Written by Min Min
  • Category: Education

U Khin Maung Htway, Assistant Director of the Myanmar Education Research Bureau (MERB) told Mizzima that they can provide informal education to only one fourth of the total number of townships in Myanmar.

There are 330 townships throughout the country but students in only 80 townships who have not receive primary education can get access to informal primary level education.

U Khin Maung Htway explained that informal education is meant for students who had to drop out from school and could not complete primary level studies.

Daw Thu Thu Mar, from the National Network for Educational Reforms said, “In our country, there are many people who could not go to school for various reasons. We need to put in more effort to educate the huge number of students and we also need much more facilities to cater to them.”

U Aung Kyaw Tint, Coordinator of the Border Areas Development Association (BADA) said, “What we have is still so insufficient. We need more funding to keep our project going.” The BADA provides informal education in border areas funded by the UNICEF.

At the 'International Education Week' held in Naypyitaw on September 8, the government announced that kindergarten registration rate went up to 98.55% in the current academic session.

A Principal from Kan Gee Htount Township, Ayeyarwaddy Division said that parents register their children to attend school at the beginning of the academic year, but they make them drop out eventually.

“They come to register at the beginning of the school year but later they withdraw their children from school stating reasons such as, they do not have anyone at home to run errands or that they need financial contribution from the child for the family.”, the Principal said.

Japanese Professors to lecture in YTU and MTU

  • Written by Min Thura
  • Category: Education

JICA training for Asian countries (Photo: apu.ac.jp)

The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has announced that more than 240 professors from seven Japanese universities will give lectures in the Yangon Technological University (YTU) and the Mandalay Technological University (MTU).

Mr. Daisuke, the Advisor to the Human Development Department of JICA said they will carry out a five-year project (2013 to 2018), to train and produce qualified Myanmar engineers.

Aye Myint the Rector of YTU said, “The professors are from the world’s top-ranking universities, so qualifications of the students studying in YTU and MTU during the five years will meet international standard.”

The professors are from Tokyo University, Chiba University, Niigata University, Kanazawa University, Okayama University, Nagasaki University and Kumamoto University. The five-year project will cost USD13.5 million.

The professors from Kyoto University will deliver lectures on Construction Engineering and professors from other universities will deliver lectures on Mechanical, Electronics, ICT, Mechatronics, and Electrical Power Engineering.

“PhD students who fulfill eligibility criteria will get the opportunity to study in Kyoto. They will be trained to teach other students. Moreover, a center for construction engineering research will be set up in Myanmar,” said Koichi Ono, Professor Emeritus of Kyoto University.

Only postgraduates and PhD students can attend the lectures.

Currently, there are 600 postgraduates and PhD students studying in YTU and MTU.

In the last academic session only students securing more than 500 out of 600 marks in the tenth grade examinations were admitted to YTU and MTU.

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